English邮件在线
English 书记信箱 校长信箱 学院网站 部门网站 热门站点 图书馆 | 邮件在线

【学术报道】“反思教师情绪:从控制迈向解放”主题讲座顺利召开

12月27日上午9时,我院在随园校区田家炳南楼404会议室举办了题为“反思教师情绪:从控制迈向解放”的讲座。本次讲座由王建华教授主持,香港中文大学教育学院课程与教学系教授、华东师范大学、东北师范大学、西北师范大学客座教授尹弘飚主讲。参加本次讲座的还有我院闫旭蕾教授、我院博士研究生和硕士研究生,现场座无虚席。

讲座伊始,尹弘飚教授从卡通片《Inside Out》、影片《黑客帝国》、不同职业的海报讲起,生动地叙述了情绪在日常工作中的重要性。在轻松愉快的氛围中,尹教授带大家走进了“情绪与教师工作的关系”这一话题。他借用“人民教育家”于漪的话表达了教师工作的性质:教师,须激情似火;教师,须师爱荡漾。指出好教师情绪有以下几个特征:同理心/同感心、激情、热诚、包容、大爱、活力、感染学生,视“教育”为“天职/服侍”多于“工作”。教师情绪关乎到教师工作的效率,关系到教师专业发展。

在情绪本质这一问题上,尹教授讲到了当前存在的三种视角:从心理学层面来看,情绪与认知相对,是个体受到某种刺激所产生的一种身心激动状态,它是对人的生物及社会需要是否得到满足的反映,而个人报告和各种调查工具是研究情绪体验的主要途径;从社会学层面来看,情绪是个人和社会环境的互动的产物,个体所处的社会背景建构了个体的情绪,个体情绪符合社会规范,而质性研究是阐释情绪的主要方法;互动主义视角则超越了前两种观点中身体与思想、个人与社会之间的二元对立,认为身体、语言和学问都和情绪相关,深入的人种志能够有效地、生动地呈现权力关系、社会实践、身体与情绪之间的关系。

紧接着,尹教授引入了“情绪劳动”和“情绪法则”两个概念,指出“情绪劳动”既是一种身体劳动,也是一种精神劳动,提出“情绪法则”是支配个体情绪感受和表达的准则或规范体系。基于此,尹教授提出了情绪应对策略,进而指出中国教师情绪法则,以及“情境修正、亲疏有度、恩威并施”三种情绪应对的策略。

在回顾教师情绪劳动这一概念之后,尹教授在哈贝马斯认知旨趣和福柯悖论的理论基础上,提出情绪规则的影响没有纯粹的“自由”,“自由”拒绝压迫性情绪规则,进而提出了教师情绪研究的另一种可能:不受情感规则影响的纯粹“自由”。

精彩的讲座之后,同学们都意犹未尽。在互动环节,在座的同学们结合自己的工作、学习经历,纷纷向尹教授提问:教育博士结合自己的教师工作经历,就“如何处理教师工作与教师情绪之间的关系”等方面提出了自己的疑惑;其他在读博士和硕士同学们就教师情绪研究的具体展开提出了相应的问题。尹教授一一解答了同学们的困惑。最后,王建华教授对讲座进行了精妙点评。重申了教师情绪研究话题的重要价值。

 

 

 

Academic Report: "Reflecting Teachers' Emotions: From Control to Liberation" Topic Lecture Held Successfully

At 9: 00 am on December 27, our college held a lecture entitled "Reflecting Teachers' Emotions: From Control to Liberation" in Conference Room 404, South Building, Tian Jiabing, Suiyuan Campus. This lecture was presided over by Professor Wang Jianhua, and was given by Yin Hongbiao, the professor of the Department of Curriculum and Teaching of the School of Education of the Chinese University of Hong Kong and visiting professor of East China Normal University, Northeast Normal University and Northwest Normal University. Professor Yan Xulei of our institute, doctoral and master graduate students of our institute also participated in this lecture, and the scene was packed.

At the beginning of the lecture, Professor Yin Hongbiao spoke from the cartoon "Inside Out", the movie "The Matrix" and posters of different professions, vividly describing the importance of emotion in daily work. In a relaxing and pleasant atmosphere, professor Yin took us into the topic of "the relationship between emotion and teachers' work". He used the words of "people's educator" Yu yi to express the nature of teachers' work: teachers must be as passionate as fire; teachers must love ripples. It is pointed out that a good teacher's emotion has the following characteristics: empathy/empathy, passion, enthusiasm, tolerance, great love, vitality, infecting students, and regards "education" as "duty/service" rather than "work". Teachers' emotions are related to the efficiency of teachers' work and the professional development of teachers.

On the issue of emotional essence, Professor Yin talked about three perspectives currently existing: from a psychological perspective, emotion is opposite to cognition, a state of physical and mental excitement generated by an individual under some kind of stimulus, which is a reflection of whether the biological and social needs of human beings are met, while personal reports and various investigation tools are the main ways to study emotional experience; From the perspective of sociology, emotion is the product of interaction between individuals and social environment. The social background in which individuals live constructs their emotions. Individual emotions conform to social norms, while qualitative research is the main method to explain emotions. The perspective of interactionism goes beyond the binary opposition between body and thought and between individual and society in the first two viewpoints. It holds that body, language and culture are all related to emotion. In-depth ethnography can effectively and vividly present the relationship between power, social practice and body and emotion.

Subsequently, Professor Yin introduced the concepts of "emotional labor" and "emotional law", pointing out that "emotional labor" is not only a kind of physical labor, but also a kind of spiritual labor. He proposed that "emotional law" is the criterion or normative system governing individual emotional feelings and expressions. Based on this, professor Yin proposed emotional coping strategies, and then pointed out the emotional rules of Chinese teachers, as well as the three emotional coping strategies of "situation correction, kindness degrees with estrangement , temper justice with mercy".

After reviewing the concept of teachers' emotional labor, professor Yin, on the basis of Habermas' cognitive purport and Foucault's paradox theory, puts forward that emotional rules have no pure "freedom" and "freedom" rejects oppressive emotional rules, and then puts forward another possibility of teachers' emotional research: pure "freedom" that is not affected by emotional rules.

After the wonderful lecture, the students were still being immersed. In the interaction, the students asked Professor Yin one after another based on their work and study experiences: Based on the experience as a teacher, the doctor raised his doubts about "how to deal with the relationship between teachers' work and teachers' emotions." Other doctoral and master students raised corresponding questions about the specific development of teacher emotion research. Professor Yin answered the students' puzzles one by one. Finally, Professor Wang Jianhua gave a subtle comment on the lecture. The important value of the topic of teachers' emotion research was reiterated.

  • 更新时间

    2020年01月07日 11:06

  • 阅读量

  • 供稿

    教科院

  • 打印

美高梅网址大全,
邮编 210023
sun@njnu.edu.cn

Copyright ? 美高梅网投总站 2020. All rights reserved.
苏ICP备05007121号
苏公网安备 32011302320321号

分享到

XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图